The Digital School Library Program gives each individual member of the learning community a venue for exploring questions that arise out of individual curiosity and personal interest. As part of the Digital School Library Program, the Librarian provides leadership in the use of information technologies and instruction for both students as well as Readers and staff in how to use them constructively, ethically, and safely. The Librarian offers expertise in accessing and evaluating information, using information technologies, and collections of quality physical and virtual resources. In addition that the librarian possesses dispositions that encourage broad and deep exploration of ideas as well as responsible use of information technologies. These attributes add value to that particular Vidyalaya and Local community, simultaneously to disseminate the Information acquired from other repute resources.
तिलका माँझी का जन्म 11 फरवरी, 1750 को बिहार के सुल्तानगंज में ‘तिलकपुर’ नामक गाँव में एक संथाल परिवार में हुआ था। इनके पिता का नाम ‘सुंदरा मुर्मू’ था। तिलका माँझी को ‘जाबरा पहाड़िया’ के नाम से भी जाना जाता था। बचपन से ही तिलका माँझी जंगली सभ्यता की छाया में धनुष-बाण चलाते और जंगली जानवरों का शिकार करते। कसरत-कुश्ती करना बड़े-बड़े वृक्षों पर चढ़ना-उतरना, बीहड़ जंगलों, नदियों, भयानक जानवरों से छेड़खानी, घाटियों में घूमना आदि उनका रोजमर्रा का काम था। जंगली जीवन ने उन्हें निडर व वीर बना दिया था।
भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम में तिलका माँझी का बहुत ही योगदान रहा है। तिलका माँझी एवं उनके द्वारा निर्मित सेना छापामार लड़ाई में काफी महारत हासिल कर रखा था जो अग्रेजों से लड़ाई के दौरान काफी काम आई। तिलका माँझी ऐसे प्रथम व्यक्ति थे, जिन्होंने भारत को ग़ुलामी से मुक्त कराने के लिए अंग्रेज़ों के विरुद्ध सबसे पहले आवाज़ उठाई थी, जो 90 वर्ष बाद 1857 में स्वाधीनता संग्राम के रूप में पुनः फूट पड़ी थी। एक युद्द के दौरान तिलका माँझी को अंग्रेज़ी सेना ने घेर लिया एवं इस महान् विद्रोही देशभक्त को बन्दी बना लिया और उनपर अत्याचार एवं कार्यवाही की गई। 15 जुलाई सन 1785, भागलपुर में इस महान देश भक्त को एक वट वृक्ष में रस्से से बांधकर फ़ाँसी दे दी गई। क्रान्तिकारी तिलका माँझी की स्मृति में भागलपुर में कचहरी के निकट, उनकी एक मूर्ति स्थापित की गयी है। तिलका माँझी भारत माता के अमर सपूत के रूप में सदा याद किये जाते रहेंगे।
युवा आधुनिक भारत के भविष्य हैं। उन्हें सही मार्गदर्शन व सहयोग की जरूरत है। युवा भारत सरकार द्वारा चलाई जा रही लाभकारी योजनाओं को लोगों तक पहुंचाने का एक सशक्त माध्यम है। नेहरू युवा केंद्र इस दिशा में कार्य कर रहा है । केंद्र युवाओं को प्रशिक्षण देने के साथ साथ उन्हें अवसर भी प्रदान करता है । इसी क्रम में दो दिवसीय (11-12 जनवरी 2021) कार्यक्रम “उत्साह नए भारत का” केंद्रीय कक्ष, संसद भवन, नई दिल्ली से आयोजित किया जा रहा है । आज दिनांक 12 जनवरी 2012 है और इस संदर्भ में राष्ट्रीय युवा महोत्सव 2021, युवा कार्यक्रम विभाग, युवा कार्यक्रम एवं खेल मंत्रालय, नई दिल्ली स्वामी विवेकानंद जी के 158th जन्म शताब्दी पर आयोजित कार्यक्रम को केंद्रीय कक्ष, संसद भवन, नई दिल्ली से LIVE प्रसारण कर रही है । मैं उन्हें तहे दिल से अपना श्रद्धा सुमन, आभार एवं पुष्पाहार समर्पित कर रहा हूँ। इस अवसर पर भारत देश के प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेद्र दामोदर दास मोदी जी विश्व के युवाओं को संबोधित कर रहे हैं। आप इस कार्यक्रम को http://www.nationalyouthfestival.com पर देख सकते हैं।
Christmas the Feast of the Nativity is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. It is celebrated religiously by a majority of Christians. It is observed primarily on December 25th as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people around the world. The celebratory customs associated in various countries with Christmas have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins. Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift giving; completing an Advent calendar or Advent wreath, Christmas music and caroling. The festival is viewing a Nativity play, an exchange of Christmas cards, church services, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistletoe, and holly. In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christ kind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore. Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world. Here are some legendary views of renowned personalities of the world to focus on the importance of this festival.
Hunter Baker: As a fairly typical American child, I think I valued the guy in the red suit much more than I did the babe in the manger. In fact, I couldn’t put the two together! But since becoming a Christian at Florida State University about a quarter of a century ago, I have come to see the birth, death, and resurrection of Christ as the most important events in the history of the world.
Despite the significance of Christmas, those of us who have the easy freedom to observe the holiday are often too jaded to fully appreciate it. You may go along with someone to a service this year because you care about him or because it just seems that now is the time to do it.
If you go, do so with a new view about what is happening. Don’t go looking to be entertained by the music or stirred by the message. Those things may happen, but that is not the point. Go to worship God and to encourage others who want to worship him. Stand and kneel in solidarity with those who seek God’s blessing, his mercy, and his salvation. The church is about the children relating to the father, but it is also about the brothers and the sisters loving each other.
Lee Edwards: The most important thing about Christmas is that it invites us to reflect on the most important things in our life — our faith, our family, and our freedom. Our faith gives us hope, our family gives us love, and our freedom gives us the opportunity to practice our faith and to love each other — and of course the Holy Family.
Kristan Hawkins: Likely echoing many other Christians, I think I can say that Christmas has become less about Jesus and more about materialism, which is saddening. But as a wife and mother, I have the opportunity to present to my children the most important part of Christmas, which is the birth of our Saviour. As the leader of Students for Life, I find that it also has significant meaning for me as I teach my kids that Jesus started out as a little baby in the womb and that his life was recognized from the moment of conception. It’s a beautiful occasion to acknowledge the great love God has shown for all of us by giving us his own son in the unassuming form of a tiny little baby.
Kelly Monroe Kullberg: At Christmas we remember that God joins us on this curious blue planet full of angst and wonder. In Jesus Christ he shows his face. He reveals his heart of love. And he is forever for us in Christ, who is called “Immanuel” — God with us.
Sheila Liaugminas: The whole of the Social Gospel, the Golden Rule, all that is true, good, and beautiful was manifest in the Christ Child and spread in His life, teaching, and witness — spread “to all the world” through His followers — to change the world forever. He taught and showed that love is stronger than death, that evil can be vanquished, that humility, forgiveness, self-sacrifice, service to others, and unshakeable faith in God constitute a force more powerful than any other, and leads to the greatest freedom and ultimate peace and happiness.
हमारे देश भारत के संविधान को 26 नवंबर 1949 को स्वीकार किया गया था और संसद के अनुमोदन के बाद इसे 26 जनवरी 1950 को भारत सरकार अधिनियम (एक्ट) 1935 को हटाकर भारत का संविधान लागू किया गया। हमारा संविधान आज 70 साल का हो गया है, आइए आपको बताते हैं भारतीय संविधान से जुड़ी 10 खास बातें जो बेहद ही प्रमुख हैं।
1. संविधान सभा को इसे तैयार करने में दो साल, 11 महीने और 18 दिन का समय लगा। इसे तैयार करने के लिए एक संविधान सभा का निर्माण किया गया था। डॉ राजेंद्र प्रसाद को इसका स्थायी अध्यक्ष चुना गया था। इसकी बैठकों में प्रेस और जनता को भाग लेने की पूर्ण स्वतन्त्रता थी।
2. संविधान सभा के सदस्य भारत के राज्यों की सभाओं के निर्वाचित सदस्यों के द्वारा चुने गए थे। जवाहरलाल नेहरू, डॉ भीमराव अम्बेडकर, डॉ राजेन्द्र प्रसाद, सरदार वल्लभ भाई पटेल, मौलाना अबुल कलाम आजाद आदि इस सभा के प्रमुख सदस्य थे।
3. भारत का संविधान विश्व के किसी भी गणतांत्रिक देश के संविधान से लंबा लिखित संविधान है। संविधान सभा पर अनुमानित खर्च 1 करोड़ रुपये आया था।
4. देश के संविधान में ही कहा गया है कि भारत का कोई आधिकारिक धर्म नहीं होगा। जिस दिन संविधान को संसद में अपनाया जा रहा था उस दिन दिल्ली में मूसलाधार बारिश हो रही थी। सदन में बैठे सदस्यों ने इसे बहुत ही शुभ शगुन माना था। वैसे भी हिंदुस्तान में बारिश को शुभ संकेतों से ही देखा जाता है।
5. सबको समान अधिकार देने की बात की गई है। जिसके अनुसार भारत के नागरिकों को सामाजिक, आर्थिक और राजनीतिक न्याय, पद, अवसर और कानूनों की समानता, विचार, भाषण, विश्वास, व्यवसाय, संघ निर्माण और कार्य की स्वतंत्रता, कानून तथा सार्वजनिक नैतिकता के अधीन प्राप्त होगी।
7. हाथों से लिखे संविधान को 24 जनवरी 1950 को ही साइन किया गया था। इस पर 284 संसद सदस्यों ने हस्ताक्षर किया था। जिसमें सिर्फ 15 महिला सदस्य थीं। इसके बाद 26 जनवरी से ये संविधान पूरे देश में लागू हो गया।
8. संविधान लागू होने के बाद से लेकर सितंबर 2016 तक सिर्फ 101 संशोधन हुआ है। ताजा संशोधन बिल जीएसटी बिल है। इतने कम संशोधन के कारण ही भारतीय संविधान को खास और अच्छा बताया जाता है।
9. संविधान की धारा 74 (1) में यह व्यवस्था की गई है कि राष्ट्रपति की सहायता को मंत्रिपरिषद् होगी जिसका प्रमुख पीएम होगा।
10. 26 जनवरी 1950 को संविधान को लागू किया गया और इसके साथ ही भारत ने अशोक चक्र को बतौर राष्ट्रीय चिह्न स्वीकार किया था।
Good Morning to you All, Today, Weather is very pleasant and nation has organized a Great Event – Fit India week. It’s my great opportunity to take part in it with Open Mike Speech on the Given Topic: “Exercise is a Celebration of what your body can do, not a punishment for what you ate”. Before I start my speech I want to show you LIVE Power Point Presentation which emphasis the Impacts on today’s current speech and event.
EXERCISE IS A CELEBRATION: Exercise means you’re pushing your body to extremes to please a coach, or to meet someone else’s standard for your body. Exercise means you’re trying to change your body.
Today be thankful and think how rich we are. Our family is priceless, our time is gold, and our health is wealth. Be thankful if we are healthier today and we were yesterday, making better, smarter choices than before, feeling better than ever! Any effort we give will take closer to goals.
We should always think of exercise as a celebration of what your body can do. Not a punishment for what you ate. And remember, there is no diet that will do what eating healthy does. There is no one giant step that does it. It takes a lot of little steps. These steps are showing in the power point for your insights and information’s.
We know what; we may have to acquire insights from our comfort zone. It is not only for exercising, but by eating healthy stuffs. Trying some of those foods we thought we didn’t like. We are getting out of our comfort zone doesn’t always mean pushing yourself 24/7 as we can say 24 hours. That can lead to burnout and leads to compel think about its complexity.
What it does mean is we should be continuously pushing ourselves to do something better, new, challenging, and meaningful that isn’t always easy. Getting out of our comfort zone makes us better.
If we think losing weight is a one-size fits all solution then we just starve like a bird or exercise for hours like a maniac. We can’t exist without food. Eat crappy, feel crappy. Eat healthy, feel healthy. We don’t always have to eat less, just eat right. A healthy outside starts from the inside of our body part & mind.
So we should start today with a positive thought, a grateful heart, and remember, we can enjoy life and be healthy at the same time.
EXERCISE IS NOT A PUNISHMENT: Physical and Mental Exercise must have celebrated as celebration as what our body can do, Not think as in activity as punishment for what it ate in the formation of our body regular functions. And if we think that exercises are as my punishment then a negative ideas are being arising in our mind. Physical appearance can kick start our journey but it will always be temporary. I compare it to starving ourselves all the time.
Our thinking must be positive for the creation of refine and splendent future. By that, I mean the type of thinking that leads you to push yourself too hard, or basically mutilate your body so that it can meet some crazy standard of perfection.
I must have treated my body with love and respect, and to approach movement as a way to express those affections for my body. This was a long, difficult process. But may pay attention to the cues my body is giving me to focus on using movement to heal my body and make it more vibrant and inspire.
Moving our body really should be a celebration. And we must deserve to come at movement from a place of joy, rather than as a form of self-mutilation. Freeing our self from destructive thinking about our body and exercise starts with embracing the body as it is. We have must can then transform our relationship with our body, so that movement can become a way that it show our body love and affections.
Due to the positive thinking on the exercise and its activities we are infusing body red blood cells with more oxygen when I walk. Filling our body with more oxygen will help all of its organs and whole body function more efficiently. Our body will be healing and creating health for itself from its internal organs to as well as outside appearance which are muscles tone, skin, eyes, Hair Styles, Body Textures etc. We can see others who have an inner glow, and we want to experience that again it by doing the fitness from the exercises along with B.P.Six, Yoga and Aashanas. These Aashanas, Pranayams, Aerobic and Anaerobic and Physically Fitness Activities which have shown in the Power Point Presentation must have to be become stronger and stronger our Body and Mind.
As in conclusion I felt after getting these all benefits regarding from the past experiences and attributes of the exercises and its impact must it celebrated with whole heartedly which ever can do our bodies’ alteration. It must be tuff but don’t mind as punishment. We must enjoy exercise and its sisters’ activities i.e. B.P.Six, Aashanas, Pranayams, Aerobic and Anaerobic daily which is very helpful to developed Body Aura Level and Body Chakras. After getting these ate men become grow and glow with supernatural powers.
Dear Friends, So We Start today with a positive thought, a grateful heart, and remember that you can enjoy life and to be healthy at the same time at the same place in the pleasant environment. Thank you & Have a Nice Day Ahead.
Indira Gandhi was born 100 years ago on Sunday. It was a year that shook the world as the Bolshevik revolution took place, almost at the same time. In India too, the year was momentous as the country got ready to wage a full-fledged struggle against British imperialism under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
Indira Gandhi, whose grandfather and father were leading the struggle for freedom under the Indian National Congress, was born in a family of freedom fighters. Her education began through the letters written to her by her father Jawaharlal Nehru from prisons, providing her glimpses of Indian history and the evolution of Indian society. She was further educated by two of the greatest teachers of the contemporary period—Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore. She spent some time in Shanti Niketan. Born and brought up in an atmosphere of nationalist fervour, she was naturally attracted to the freedom struggle in her early years and went on to organize the “Banar Sena”. She deftly used it to contact those who were engaged in the freedom struggle, supplying information during the Non-Cooperation Movement.
She became Congress president in 1959, and long before that, she was chosen as a member of the Congress Working Committee (CWC). She took active interest in this great national organization but did not acquire any office, devoting herself to looking after her father who was steering a new India and laying the foundation of a strong, secular, democratic society. After his death, she was requested by the Congress leadership to join the cabinet of Lal Bahadur Shastri, who succeeded Nehru as prime minister. And after Shastri’s death, she showed her mettle by accepting the challenge to contest the election for the leadership of the party, defeating the veteran leader Morarji Desai by a thumping majority.
When she became prime minister in 1966, she was a member of the Rajya Sabha and served as such for a year, but decided to contest the popular elections within a year. During the general elections in 1967, she won from Uttar Pradesh’s Rae Bareilly constituency. Even while being elected leader of the Congress in Parliament and chosen as prime minister, she realized that the party was in deep crisis, manifesting in defeat in that year’s general elections in several states like Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Within a few months of the elections, the party also lost governments in two important states, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, owing to the defection of a large number of Congress legislators.
She recognized that people had lost confidence in the Congress—and the defeat of a large number of important leaders in their own constituencies, including the then Congress president Kamraj Nadar, pointed to the need for shock treatment to cure the party’s ailment. In election after election, people believed in the Congress’s promises, which were not kept. To regain the people’s confidence, therefore, the party must keep its promises to them. She provided this by emphasizing that the Congress must stick to its ideology.
In the All India Congress Committee session at Bangalore, she made known to the members of the CWC and the parliamentary board the “10 Points” programme which she chose to galvanise the organization on an ideological basis. She recommended major reforms in its economic policies. Unfortunately, the note was not appreciated by the majority of the members of the CWC, but that did not deter her from taking drastic action. She nationalized 14 scheduled commercial banks on 13 July 1969 through an ordinance.
The background of this decision was the refusal of Congress leadership in the CWC to accommodate her 10 Points. First, she attempted to persuade Morarji Desai to accept her proposal of bank nationalisation, but he refused to do so. Then, she asked him to relinquish the finance ministry and accept any other portfolio, but he threatened to resign if the finance portfolio was taken away from him. She readily accepted the resignation and took on the responsibility of the ministry for a year.
The more orthodox section of the Congress leadership in both the CWC and Central Parliamentary Board had the majority, and they rejected her progressive ideas of major economic reforms. She reminded the Congress leadership time and again that from the days of the Avadi Congress in 1955, the party had been committed to create a socialist society and promised major economic reforms. But these promises had never been fulfilled despite the fact that people supported the party in 1957 after Avadi and in 1962 with the hope that the Congress would keep its word. To rebuild the party’s credibility, action, and not words, were required. She saw socialism as a commitment to the nation—and bank nationalisation was just the first step.
The decision resulted in rich dividends for the country. Its impact has been evident even in the last decade when the Indian banking system stood resilient, even as some of the major European and US banks suffered catastrophic meltdowns after the financial crisis in 2008. Incidentally, public sector banks dominate the banking industry in India. Her belief that prudent management of public sector banks was the key to banking strategy and business in India stood vindicated.
Indira Gandhi was convinced that associations and institutions which subsumed large social objectives should be under public control. To achieve this objective, apart from bank nationalization she brought about legislation nationalizing general insurance, coal mines etc, and major amendments in Acts like the Industrial Development & Regulation Act that could facilitate government takeover of sick industries if the government deemed it necessary in the larger public interest.
While socialism and secularism are implicit in the text of the Constitution, particularly in the Directive Principles of State Policy, she made it explicit through the 42nd Amendment by inserting the two words ‘Socialist & Secular’. Many people considered it unnecessary as the entire text of the Constitution is oriented towards socialism and secularism, but she thought it necessary to make it explicit. Insertion of the words ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ in the preamble of the Constitution to define the state, which was earlier just sovereign, democratic republic, emanated out of her belief that insertion of these two words in the preamble would define the characteristics of Indian State adequately.
In 1978, after victory in the Chikamagalur by-election, which brought her back to Lok Sabha after her defeat in 1977, Indira Gandhi visited the UK in November that year. At the annual banquet speech of the British-Indian Association, then-British Deputy Prime Minister Michael Foot, observed, The Indira Gandhi story has not come to an end after the defeat in general elections of 1977 as many people believe she is doomed forever. I can tell them, many more glorious chapters are going to be added in her new innings.” Not only did she return with a bang within two years by scoring a resounding victory in the 1980 Lok Sabha elections, she also subsequently won all the states, except Tamil Nadu, where elections took place.
In this new innings beginning in 1980, by hosting the 7th Non-Aligned Summit, she clearly conveyed to the world that the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was a guarantee to secure the liberty of people and to ensure peace and harmony in the world. Her ceaseless efforts for the cause of humanity became visible wherever the people suffered. Be it the people of Algeria or those of South Africa, Angola and Namibia, she stood for them and always opposed the tormentors. This sensitivity was at display as early as 1946, when she as a young woman found an agitated crowd of a hundred or so people attempting to kill an old man. She stopped her car and ran to protect the man by standing before him. The angry crowd shouted at her menacingly and asked her, “Who are you and what are you doing?” She calmly asked them, “Who are you and what are you doing?” They shouted back, “We want to kill this man and if you don’t leave him to our hand, you will have the same fate.” Without raising her voice, she calmly told them, “You can’t. You are cowards. You have no sense of purpose and don’t know what are you doing. I know what I am doing.” The crowd melted away in the face of her courage and fortitude, leaving the man unharmed. After hearing this story, Gandhi asked her to work in the Muslim mohallas of Delhi, which she did alone, with a tremendous impact in creating an atmosphere where people of all faiths could live in peace and harmony.
This courage and conviction remained with her until her life was snatched away by assassins’ bullets. Before taking the drastic step of Operation Blue Star, she knew that the Sikhs would never forgive her for this happening in the Golden Temple, their most holy place. She told her advisors that she was aware of this feeling amongst the community. She said that she had deep respect for all religions and was inspired by the sacrifices and dedicated works of all the great gurus. But for her, it was not a question of religion, but the fact that in the name of religion, misguided elements were causing great harm to national unity and integrity. She said that as prime minister, she could not remain a silent spectator. The events of the day were well known to them, she told her advisors, and asked them what else the government could do. There was no answer. In the aftermath of Blue Star, many advisors suggested she remove Sikh personnel from her security arrangements. She refused to agree to this and said it would convey a totally wrong message.
Indira Gandhi’s contribution to world peace and disarmament were visible in her steely protests against the flawed NPT (non-proliferation treaty). Though she was in agreement with the treaty’s basic objective, she could not agree to two categories of states: one privileged class that possessed nuclear weapons and unrestricted access to nuclear materials for whatever purpose they deemed fit, and a vast number of other countries who would be denied access to the peaceful use of nuclear materials to generate electricity and remove poverty in their countries. She did not agree to this discrimination and refused to sign the NPT, which is the policy of the nation to date. The first nuclear explosion at Pokhran in 1974 brought sanctions against India. Trade restrictions and stoppage of economic assistance did not deter her. The second test conducted by Atal Bihari Vajpayee as prime minister in 1998 vindicated her stand.
Indira Gandhi is no longer amongst us. Thirty-Six years ago, assassins’ bullets silenced the voice which always inspired Indians to be proud of everything Indian. In her death, she left a message to the people of this country and to the whole world: a commitment to the people can never be killed by any power, however strong it may be.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 in Uttar Pradesh’s Allahabad. On her 102nd Birth Anniversary the nation remembers her contribution to National Security, Economy and Foreign Policy. She was often called as the ‘Iron Lady of India’.She was an Indian politician and a central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was the first and, to date, only female Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. Throughout her political life, Indira Gandhi made the tough choices that were necessary for guaranteeing a strong, secular nation that lived up to its socialist ideals.
Nanda Devi: It is the second highest mountain in India after Kangchenjunga, is on the border of India and Nepal. It is the 23rd-highest peak in the world. It was also the highest mountain in India until 1975 when Sikkim, the state in which Kangchenjunga is located, joined the Republic of India. It is part of the Garhwal Himalayas, and is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east. The peak, means “Bliss-Giving Goddess”. It is regarded as the patron-goddess of the Uttarakhand Himalaya. In acknowledgment of its religious significance and for the protection of its fragile ecosystem, the peak as well as the circle of high mountains surrounding it—the Nanda Devi sanctuary—were closed to both locals and climbers in 1983. The surrounding Nanda Devi National Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.