SUMMARY OF THE TITLE / BOOK:Parineeta is a novel written by Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay in Calcutta, India during the early part of the 20th century. The word Parineeta is translated in English as married woman. It is a novel of social protest which explores issues of that time period related to class and religion. Originally it is written in Bengali Language which is later translated in Hindi, English and other Languages.
Parineeta (The Married Woman)takes place at the turn of the 20th century during the Bengal Renaissance. The story centers on a poor thirteen-year-old orphan girl, Lalita, who lives with the family of her uncle Gurucharan. Gurucharan has five daughters, and the expense of paying for their weddings has impoverished him. He is forced to take a loan from his neighbour, Nabin Roy, by mortgaging a plot of land with him. The two neighbouring families share a very cordial relationship, although Nabin Roy does covet Gurucharan’s mortgaged plot. Nabin Roy’s wife, Bhuvaneshwari, dotes on the orphan Lalita and showers love upon her; the latter reciprocates even to the extent of addressing Bhuvaneshwari as ‘maa’ (mother). Roy’s younger son Shekharnath (Shekhar), a 25-26-year-old man-about-town, lately turned attorney, has a joking, bantering relationship with Lalita, his mother’s protégée. The young girl adores him like her mentor, and for some strange reasons, ratifies and accepts his possessive attitude towards her.
The advent of a supportive Girin in Lalita’s life, a certain jealousy transpired within Shekhar which tended to moderate Lalita’s increasing associations with Girin who has now extended his helping hand to Gurucharan’s finances and also assisted him in finding a match for Lalita. These situations seemed to stir the instinctual passions of Shekhar and somewhat Lalita for each other and one evening before Shekhar’s tour to the west, the duo secretly gets married with a dramatic exchange of garlands formed of marigolds. But a newly married Lalita had to conceal herself in the veil of her spinsterhood as her uncle Gurucharan quits his fight with the law and orders of Hindu society and embraces Brahmoism inspired from the angelic words of Girin. The society abandons them and the same is followed by Shekhar towards Lalita upon his return (though mixed with covetousness over Girin’s influence on her family). His jeopardies in introducing his wife amidst the society because of the differences in wealth, religion and more importantly due to a precluded marriage of marrying an under-aged woman made him harsh and arrogant towards Lalita who drowned in agony, decides to accompany her family to Munger as a means of healing her psychologically tormented uncle anguished by the sense of isolation. Girin aided them all through his journey to which Gurucharan had his dying wish of marrying his daughter (suggestively indicated to his niece Lalita) which Girin accepts wholeheartedly.
Years pass with the passing of both Gurucharan and Nabin Roy and an eighteen year old Lalita visits her old place one last time for the sake of selling Gurucharan’s house to Nabin Roy’s heirs since the deceased desired the plot for a long time. Shekhar has his marriage fixed in a week but Lalita’s advent questions him over his real wishes but he has heard of Girin’s promise to marry Lalita which must have been fulfilled by now. Tables turn as Girin visits Shekhar with the Legal documents of Gurucharan’s plot and amidst the conversation reveals that he indeed became Gurucharan’s son-in-law as per his promise but never married Lalita but married her cousin Annakali upon her suggestion as Lalita claimed herself to be already married. Shockingly pleased by this, Shekhar regains himself and his now realised love for Lalita goes to his mother and confesses about his marriage with Lalita. The novel ends with consent for this marriage a declaration of union for Shekhar and Lalita. Parinneta as movie first released (Black & White) in 1953 and next (Colorful) in 2019.
This description may be from another edition of this product. Based on interviews and other source material My Truth is a rare and vitally important book; the story of much of Indira Gandhi’s life in her own words. First published in India and France in 1980 when Mrs Gandhi was out of power, it now assumes an extra importance in view of her tragic and untimely death. Told simply and warmly, the book unfolds the life of a gifted person born into a remarkable family. There are evocative passages of her recollections of her grandfather and the days spent in Allahabad, of the heroes of her childhood, the books she admired, of Jawaharlal exhorting her to take to physical activities, of holidays in the hills, a dream, like childhood abruptly altered as her father plunged into the freedom movement. Then there are the disturbed years that followed: the death of Kamala Nehru: about whom the book offers a rare, beautiful portrait, Jawaharlal in and out of jail; Indira Gandhi’s varied education; travels with her father; studying at Oxford; her marriage to Feroze and an increasing involvement in public life, first as her father’s hostess and then more and more in her own right. From this point on My Truth transcends being simply the life-story of an important woman, it becomes too an insider’s account of India’s political history since independence. There are so many revelations about major events, many of which created huge controversies. While a great deal has been written by many on all of these events but Indira Gandhi’s was a unique vantage view: that of a central character in the high drama affecting the lives of millions and shaping the destiny of India. And, reading between the lines, My Truth lays bare the thought processes that shaped Mrs Gandhi’s responses and initiatives, the considerations of policy, the understanding of the context and broader perspectives. Every page of this book provides a fresh nuance of her personality. And at the end is a chapter about Indira Gandhi’s vision of India, its culture, land and people, problems and resources and her own personal outlook on life.
AVULPAKIRJAINULABDEEN ABDUL KALAM has come to personally represent to many of his countrymen the best aspects of Indian life. Born in 1931, the son of a little educated boatowner in Rameswaram, Tamilnadu, he had an unparalleled career as a defence scientist, culminating in the highest civilian award of India, the Bharat Ratna.
As chief of the country’s defence research and development programme, Kalam demonstrated the great potential for dynamism and innovation that existed in seemingly moribund research establishments. This is the story of Kalam’s rise from obscurity and his personal and professional struggles, as well as the story of Agni, Prithvi, Akash, Trishul and Nag – missiles that have become household names in India and that have raised the nation to the level of a missile power of international recokoning.
At the same time as he has helped create India’s awesome weaponry, Kalam has maintained the ascetic rigour of his personal life, working 18 hours a day and practicing the veena. With characteristic modesty, Kalam ascribes the greatness of his achievement to the influence of his teachers and mentors. He describes the struggles of his boyhood and youth, bringing alive everyday life in a small town in South India and the inspirational role of educators. He describes the role of visionary Indian scientists, such as Dr Vikram Sarabhai, and of the creation of a coordinated network of research institutions. This is also the saga of independent India’s struggle for technological self sufficiency and defensive autonomy – a story as much about politics, domestic and international, as it is about science.
मुंशी प्रेमचंद की प्रसिद्ध कहानियों मे से एक कहानी है – बड़े भाई साहब। प्रस्तुत कहानी में प्रेमचंद ने दो भाइयों के मनोविज्ञान का वर्णन बहुत सुंदर और उपयुक्त वातावरण में किया है। कहानी के अनुसार दोनों भाई छात्रावास में रहते हैं। बड़ा भाई छोटे भाई से पाँच साल बड़ा है। वह स्वयं खेल कूद की और ध्यान न देकर हर समय पढ़ता रहता है। अपने इस व्यवहार तथा उपदेशों द्वारा वह छोटे भाई को अनुशासन में रखने का प्रयास करता है। छोटा भाई विपरीत अपने को खेल के मैदान में जाने से रोक नहीं पाता है। वह हमेशा डांट सुनते हुए भी खेल के मैदान को छोड़ नहीं पाता है। छोटा भाई हमेशा अपना टाइम टेबल बनाता, पर उसका पालन नहीं कर पाता है। छोटे भाई साहब कक्षा में हमेशा अच्छे अंक लाते थे तो बड़े भाई साहब अंकों के मामले मे हमेशा पीछे रह जाते थे। दरअसल बड़े भाई साहब छोटे भाई को कर्तव्यबोध कराने के कारण हमेशा तनवग्रस्त रहते थे जिसका प्रभाव उनके मानसिकता पर पड़ता था जिसके कारण उन्हे कक्षा में अंक कम प्राप्त होते थे। छोटे भाई के खेल कूद के कारण वह मानसिक तनाव से कोशों दूर रहता था। उसे किसी भी बात की फिक्र नहीं करनी पड़ती थी, जबकि बड़े भाई साहब जबाबदेही के बोझ तले एवं अपनी कर्तव्यपरायणता के कारण मानसिक तनाव में रहता था। लेकिन एक दिन, बड़े भाई साहब भी छोटे भाई की तरह सभी तनावपूर्ण स्थिति को छोड़ कटे पतंग पकड़ने दौड़ पड़ा, छोटा भाई भी उनके साथ ही दौड़ पड़ा। दोनों भाई उस दिन के बाद से खेल कूद में भी भाग लेने लगे। परीक्षा परिणाम मे भी अच्छे अंक आने लगे। कहानी समाप्त होता है। लेखक ने बड़े भाई साहब कहानी के माध्यम से यह समझाने की कोशिश की है कि हम स्वयं को अच्छा दिखाने के प्रयास में अपनी स्वाभाविक इच्छाओं को दावा देते हैं, जिससे वास्तविक जीवन में गतिरोध और मानसिक तनाव उत्पन्न हो जाता है। हमे इससे दूर रहना चाहिए।
मुंशी प्रेमचंद (31 जुलाई 1880–8 अक्तूबर 1936) का जन्म वाराणसी से चार मील दूर लमही गाँव में हुआ था। उनका असली नाम धनपत राय श्रीवास्तव था।उनकी शिक्षा का आरंभ उर्दू, फ़ारसी पढ़ने से हुआ और रोज़गार का पढ़ाने से। 1898 में मैट्रिक की परीक्षा के पास करने के बाद वह एक स्थानिक पाठशाला में अध्यापक नियुक्त हो गए। 1910 में वह इंटर और 1919 में बी.ए. के पास करने के बाद स्कूलों के डिप्टी सब-इंस्पेक्टर नियुक्त हुए।उनकी प्रसिद्ध हिंदी रचनायें हैं ; उपन्यास: सेवासदन, प्रेमाश्रम, शतरंज के खिलाड़ी, निर्मला, रंगभूमि, गबन, गोदान ; कहानी संग्रह: नमक का दरोग़ा, प्रेम पचीसी, सोज़े वतन, प्रेम तीर्थ, पाँच फूल, सप्त सुमन ; बालसाहित्य: कुत्ते की कहानी, जंगल की कहानियाँ आदि। उनमें से एक सुप्रसिद्ध उपन्यास है – शतरंज के खिलाड़ी।